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The name of this place literally means “Mountain of Ancient Poetry.” (Gunung = mountain, Kawi = ancient poetry). From the parking lot to the remains, you climb down about 300 steps stairs, pass rice terraces and a stream, and finally arrive at the remains on the bottom of the valley. Various inscriptions indicate that Anak Wungsu, at one time ruler of much of Bali, was venerated here together with his four wives and four concubines. They committed suttee, the Indian custom of a widow burning herself, either on the funeral pyre of her dead husband or in some other fashion, soon after his death. This suggests that the complex was established in the 11th century, either in Anak's lifetime or soon after
The 13 tombs of the Ming Dynasty are located 50kms north of Beijing. The site was chosen by the third Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle (1402–1424), who moved the capital of China from Nanjing to the present location of Beijing. The Ming Tombs were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in August 2003.