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Being the best-known of all desert castles in Jordan, this mysterious building has been added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. Is commonly identified as a bathhouse built by Umayyad caliph Walid I (705–715 AD), but nothing is sure about it. Present structures could have belonged to a larger complex out of which only a few foundations remained. What stands today is either identified as a caravanserai or a royal retreat (a hunting lodge) without any military function. If the latter presumption is accepted, then the main building can be an audience hall with a bath attached to it. Inside there are fascinating strange frescoes depicting naked women and other scenes that should be banned in Islam.
Bayon is a fine example of 12th and 13th century Khmer architecture, erected by King Jayavarman VII, (1181- c 1220) who came into power just after the Chams sacked the previous Khmer capital. He got a renewed capital, Angkor Thom built on the ashes of former one with Bayon temple standing exactly at the center of it. Bayon's most distinctive features are the large smiling faces covering its towers and the impressive sets of bas-reliefs. The temple was built with three separate levels, out of which the first and second contain bas-reliefs.
Luang Prabang is a city located in north central Laos, on the Mekong River about 425 km north of Vientiane, the present capital Laos. Name of the city means literally: Royal Buddha Image (in the Dispelling Fear mudra). Luang Prabang used to be the royal capital and seat of government of the Kingdom of Laos before 1975. This culturally rich city has been declared a Unesco World Heritage Site in 1995.
Wat Xieng Thong is one of the most important of Lao monasteries, definitely the most significant temple in Luang Prabang, a monument to the spirit of religion, royalty and traditional style of a fascinating city. It consists of more than twenty structures on the grounds including shrines, pavilions and residences, in addition to its gardens of various flowers, ornamental shrubs and trees.
Wat Phu (or Vat Phou) is an ancient Khmer temple-complex in southern Laos, declared as a Unesco World Heritage site since 2001. It is located 6 km from the Mekong river, right at the foot of holy mountain Phu Kao (or Lingaparvata). This mountain gained its spiritual importance from the natural linga-shaped rocks on its peak. Local tribes have paid respect to the spirits associated with the sacred mountain since the 5th century. Ancient Khmers associated the mountain with the home of Shiva and the river with represented the ocean or Ganges River.
World-heritage site Borobudur is a must for every tourist visiting Java. It is a uniquely-built ultra large Mandala-shaped temple, now carefully restored in perfect condition. Borobudur is an ensemble of Buddhist art with 2672 relief panels and hundreds of Buddha statues.
Built around early ninth century AD, Candi Mendut is the oldest of the three temples including Pawon and Borobudur. According to the Karangtengah inscription, the temple was built and finished during the reign of King Indra of Sailendra dynasty.
The still standing temple was originally merely one building in a large temple complex that was surrounded by a brick wall. However, only fragments of a few memorial stupas are left from all the other buildings. Candi Mendut appears to have a flat rooftop, but this is merely the result of an incomplete restoration.
Pawon is connected with the Borobudur and Mendut, all of which were built during the Sailendra dynasty (8th–9th centuries) The temple slightly faces northwest and stands on a square base. Because of its relative simplicity, symmetry and harmony, the historians dubbed this small temple as "the jewel of Javanese temple architecture", in contrast with tall-slender East Javanese style counterparts as founds in later Singhasari and Majapahit period.
Prambanan temple compound is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Sustainer (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 1991.
Qianlong Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911) commissioned work on the imperial gardens on the hill in 1749. The Summer Palace started out life as the Garden of Clear Ripples in 1750. Artisans reproduced the garden architecture styles of various palaces in China. In December 1998, UNESCO included the Summer Palace on its World Heritage List.