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We have decided to upload two detailed ultra-high quality 360° virtual tours about the temples of Abydos and Dendera in Egypt. Although located relatively close to each other, these two places have not too much in common.
Abydos is a mystical place with a New Kingdom large mortuary temple built by Seti I and his son. It is famous for a group of hieroglyphs representing modern vehicles like a helicopter, a yacht, a submarine, and a fighterplane. They are commonly explained as being the result of erosion, and later adjustments, or re-writing over the original inscriptions that left parts of the older text visible creating the illusion of modern looking machines. The Osierion temple located at the back of the temple of Seti I is again a mysterious building, it was even considered to be an Old Kingdom ruin due to its unusual form.
Dendera is a much newer building compared to the ruins of Abydos, the well-preserved temple complex explains us the last glorious days of the ancient Egypt. It dates back to the times of the Ptolemaic dynasty and was completed by the Roman emperor Tiberius.
Abydos was the cult center of Osiris, god of the dead. Although there were shrines dedicated to the parts of Osiris throughout Egypt, the temple of Abydos used to be the most important of them. This was a place that most Egyptians wished to visit once in their lifetime or to have them buried here. Thus the area of Abydos was used as a necropolis from predynastic times to Christian times (4000 BC-600AD). The pharaohs of the first dynasty were buried in Abydos, including Narmer, the founder of the first dynasty. Nine or ten temples were erected here in Abydos from the first dynasty to the twenty-sixth dynasty. The array of temples included the Great Osiris temple, the temple of Seti I and the temple of Ramses II., out of which the temple of Seti I is the best preserved.
The 360° virtual tour focuses on the temple of Seti I and the Osierion showing areas that are usually not accessible to the public (ie. Ptah-Sokar complex). Besides the panoramic images, there is also detailed textual description describing each of the monuments included in the virtual tour. Interesting details, carved panels and scenes have been highlighted.
The Dendera Temple complex which contains the Temple of Hathor belongs to the best preserved ancient temples in all Egypt. The whole complex covers around 40,000 square meters and is surrounded by a hefty mud brick enclosed wall. The present building dates back to the times of the Ptolemaic dynasty and was completed by the Roman emperor Tiberius, but it rests on the foundations of earlier buildings dating back to the 4th dynasty [c. 2613–c. 2494 BC].
The 360° virtual tour contains several monuments that are usually not accessible to the public (ie. rooftop temples, Osirian chapels, Iseum). Besides the panoramic images, there is also detailed textual description about each of the monuments included in the virtual tour. Interesting details, like the XIX. and early XX. century graffitis have been highlighted.